Gough Whitlam – Australian Leisure (Tony Veal & Rob Lynch)

October 23rd, 2014

Below is a special contribution to the ANZALS website from Tony Veal and Rob Lynch regarding the recent passing of Gough Whitlam.

 

gough

Gough Whitlam with authors Tony Veal and Rob Lynch at the launch of Australian Leisure, 1996

 

Gough Whitlam

Given the number and scope of policy reforms by the 1972-75 Labor government led by Gough Whitlam, it is perhaps not surprising that, in the many tributes paid to Whitlam following his death on 21 October, 2014, little attention has been given to his contributions to the field of leisure. However, in the foreword to the first two editions (1996 and 2001) of the textbook Australian Leisure1, Whitlam himself provided a comprehensive account and appraisal. This is reproduced below and reminds us of the significance of the foundations laid for the leisure sector in Australia at that time.

 

Foreword

Hon. E.G. Whitlam, AC, QC

Prime Minister, 1972–1975

 

Back in November 1972, prior to the closing days of twenty‑three years’ rule by the conservative parties in Australia, I delineated the Labor Party’s policy in a speech at Blacktown Civic Centre in the western suburbs of Sydney. The speech delivered on that occasion signalled a massive program of reform, one component of which was a series of initiatives related to the quality of life. This fuzzy ‘quality of life’ notion raised a few eyebrows across the nation at the time, but we were serious in our program of radical reform and committed to the view that government has a key role to play in improving the quality of life. Policy initiatives in support of this commitment involved provision of community amenities and leisure services, along with the promotion of sport, fitness, the arts, open space, and parks.

 

Part of the philosophy behind my Government’s program of reform is outlined in the following lines extracted from the 1972 speech:

There is no greater social problem facing Australia than the good use of leisure. It is the problem of all modern and wealthy communities. It is, above all, the problem of urban societies and thus, in Australia, the most urbanised nation on earth, a problem more pressing for us than for any other nation on earth2.

 

Some years have passed since these words were spoken, but what I proposed back in 1972 as the problem of the 1980s is also the problem of the 1990s and is destined to remain a problem for the foreseeable future. Leisure, like all things human, is constantly changing and each new generation enters into a leisure environment – in terms of non‑work hours, urban recreational space, the environment, technology, popular culture and the like – which is recognisably different from that which preceded it.

 

My government recognised the need for reform in this important and changing sphere of life and, for the historical record, some of our achievements are referred to below. Armstrong’s (1985)3 thesis is the basis for the précis of policy initiatives which follows.

 

In fulfilment of promises made in relation to the quality of life and urban policy, the first Federal Department of Tourism and Recreation was established on 19 December 1972, and Frank Stewart, a first grade player with Canterbury‑Bankstown Rugby League Club, was appointed the Minister. The Department was responsible for the initiation of policies and the implementation of Government decisions on the development of tourism and recreation in Australia. As Armstrong4 rightly asserts, ‘the Department proceeded not in isolation, but as part of a total package of reform policies. The underlying basis to these policies was the intention to improve the access of individuals to communal resources’. Through a process of community consultations, the Department uncovered an enormous range of need in the areas of community recreation, sports development, the environment and training. Issues related to each area were addressed for the first time between 1972 and 1975. The Department commissioned a series of reports, one of which led to the establishment of tertiary education courses for people working in sport and recreation. Other reports addressed issues related to women and leisure, the recreational priorities of youth and tourism development. The concept of leisure was promoted through seminars and publications. Community centres were created and policy initiatives were directed towards youth affairs. A research program was initiated in an attempt by the Department to gather intelligence about this hitherto neglected area.

 

In the case of sports development, the Department of Tourism and Recreation encouraged national sports associations to prepare plans for long-term projects and, later in the Government’s term, allocated grants to projects of a long-term nature only. Sport had not traditionally received assistance from the federal Government and so there was a conditioning process involved for organisations not used to preparing submissions and long-term plans. The Fraser Government abolished the Department on 22 December 1975 and in 1976 withdrew entirely from direct support of sports development, just before Australia’s undistinguished performance at the Montreal Olympics. This withdrawal signalled a reversal of policies of the previous three years.

 

In the area of the arts, I had the privilege as Prime Minister of laying the foundation stone for the National Gallery in 1973 and letting the contract to build it. Then, in 1975, I put through the National Gallery Act, the gallery finally being opened in October 1982. By the 1970s, nearly all state galleries, museums and libraries had been in decline for decades. The national initiatives spurred the State governments to improve the accommodation, services and standards in State collecting5. I later had the honour of chairing the Council of the Australian National Gallery for four years (1987‑1990). While collections and structures flourished in galleries, they did not flourish in museums. In April 1974, my Government appointed a committee chaired by Peter Pigott to report on museums and national collections. The report was tabled on 5 November 1975. The Museum of Australia Bill was introduced in April 1980 and received assent in October of the same year. As yet, however, the foundation stone has not been laid!6 In contrast to the rapid developments which occurred in the area of sport (e.g. development of the Australian Institute for Sport and the Sports Commission) under subsequent governments, I was moved in 1990 to say, ‘apparently the Prime Minister believes that there are more votes in sports than in arts’7.

 

Expenditure figures played a major role in measuring the effectiveness of Sport and Recreation policy during the course of my Government. For the Budget period 1975‑1976, the appropriation for the sport and recreation area alone was $12.2 million, a $4.1 million increase on the previous year. Of this,  $6.3 million was allocated to capital assistance for leisure facilities, community sporting and arts/cultural activities. A total of $3.4 million was allocated to youth, sport, national fitness and community recreation. The amount expended on capital assistance for leisure facilities represented the bulk of all outlays from the sport and recreation branch. The emphasis was therefore placed on servicing the community with facilities8.

 

In the case of the provision of such facilities, Armstrong9 builds a case in favour of technical efficiency. ‘The money expended brought immediate improvements to the provision of facilities through such projects as re‑surfacing playing fields, providing floodlighting, building indoor recreation complexes, providing multiple netball courts, upgrading pool equipment and building boat ramps and pontoons’. Such expenditure was in line with my Government’s commitment to improve community standards and the quality of life.

 

The Department of Tourism and Recreation was also active in its tourism development role and from the outset recognised that despite the emphasis given to overseas tourists, the Australian tourist industry is based and dependent largely on the movement of Australians at leisure in their own country. A research program was initiated to enable the Government to draw a profile of Australian tourism to guide it in its policy development. The first national Domestic Tourism Survey was administered in 1975 and now such surveys are a central part of the industry. The Department also became involved in tourist attraction development, accommodation assistance, training of tourism personnel and the licensing of travel agents10.

 

Because of the vast range of initiatives which the Department undertook, not all were successfully completed. For example, Frank Stewart asked Dr Allan Coles of the University of Queensland to lead a study group to examine the feasibility of a national sports institute. The study group’s report was published in November 1975. It was not, however, until September 1980 that the Fraser Government incorporated the Australian Institute of Sport as a public company. This it did by way of amends for its earlier withdrawal from support of sports development11. The Australian Institute of Sport Bill was introduced by John Brown [Labor Minister for Sport, Recreation and Tourism in the Hawke government] in April 1986 and received assent in October 1986. Now after two decades of intermittent attention by successive Governments, the importance of each area addressed by the first Department of Tourism and Recreation is more or less taken for granted.

 

When I was approached to write the foreword to this book I was pleased to see that many people across Australia had seized the opportunities made available to them in the course of my Government, as evidenced in the maturing field of leisure and recreation studies in Australian universities and colleges of technical and further education.

 

Leisure services provided by Federal, State and Local Governments, and in the voluntary and commercial sectors, have expanded enormously in the last twenty years and become increasingly professional. These services are vital for the quality of life of Australians and require sound professional training and education of the personnel involved. For this they need literature and other resources which reflect Australian conditions and address local problems at issue. This book by Rob Lynch and Tony Veal fulfils this role admirably. The book presents a comprehensive picture and analysis of leisure in Australia. It covers the history of leisure, play and culture in Australia including the 40 000 year history of Aboriginal culture and the continuing influence of indigenous culture on contemporary Australian life. The book inquires into many aspects of leisure including sport, outdoor recreation, the arts, entertainment, leisure in the home, and tourism. Politics and the role of government are examined as are voluntary organisations and private leisure enterprises. The authors have presented us with a view of leisure which illuminates both its political and historical importance in shaping aspects of contemporary Australian life and identities. The book also engages in areas of sensitive debate concerned with race, gender, age, and multiculturalism, situating leisure in the political context of each of these areas.

 

In my role as Australia’s Ambassador to UNESCO I was again alerted to the political power which can be exercised through sport and leisure, as the African nations had me chosen as the Chairman of the Second International Conference on the Sports Boycott against South Africa held in Paris in May 1985. Later, when touring Africa with my wife Margaret in 1993 in support of Sydney’s bid to host the 2000 Olympic Games, I found that Australia and its sport and leisure traditions are held in high regard throughout the world. In Africa, those whom I encountered were very impressed that we had encouraged and provided for our people to develop their potential in our own, non‑prescriptive way. Freedom of choice has been preserved in the leisure and sporting policies of the past few decades.

 

I trust that the accomplishments of the Labor Government of 1972‑75 have laid some foundations for future generations, as I remain committed to the enhancement of the quality of life of all peoples. As Australia moves into a new century, it will face both fresh and familiar challenges in relation to the environment, technology, multi‑culturalism and the quality of life. The relatively free realm of leisure and the contribution which this area of activity makes to the quality of life will, I believe, continue to be central to many of these concerns.

 

Notes

1     Lynch, R. L. and Veal, A. J. (1996) Australian Leisure. Sydney: Pearson Education.

Veal, A. J. and Lynch, R. L. (2001) Australian Leisure (E2). Sydney: Pearson Education

2     Whitlam, E.G. 1972, ‘Australian Labor Party Policy Speech’, Blacktown Civic Centre, 13 November, p. 26.

3     Armstrong, T.M. 1985, Sport as Public Policy 1972‑1975, Master of Human Movement Studies thesis, University of Queensland.

4     Armstrong, 1985, ibid, p. 128.

5     Whitlam, E.G. 1990, ‘National Collecting Institutions’, Inaugural Myer Lecture, Friends of the National Library of Australia, Canberra, pp. 10‑11.

6     It was eventually opened in 2001 – RL, AJV

7     Whitlam, 1990, ibid., p. 10.

8     Armstrong, 1985, op. cit., p. 140.

9     Armstrong, 1985, op. cit., p. 143.

10   Department of Tourism and Recreation, 1975, Review of Activities to 30 June 1975, AGPS, Canberra, pp. 28‑36.

11   Whitlam, 1990, op. cit.,  p. 9.

2015 ANZALS Conference – Details Announced

September 4th, 2014

Details of the 2015 ANZALS Biennial Conference have been announced on the ANZALS website.  Please visit the ANZALS conference page for the details.

ANZALS looks forward to your company in Adelaide in December 2015.

First Edition of the ANZALS Magazine – #1, July 2014

August 4th, 2014

Please find below a link to the new ANZALS magazine created by our ever-enthusiastic editor Arianne Reis.  We hope that you will enjoy the read.

Please click on this link to download the magazine: ANZALS Magazine n1 July 2014 [pdf: 1.44mb].

ANZALS welcomes the University of Tasmania as its newest patron

July 24th, 2014

ANZALS would like to welcome the University of Tasmania as its newest patron.   This patronage comes through a partnership between the Tasmanian School of Business and Economics and the Institute for Regional Development.

Please view all of the ANZALS patrons at www.anzals.org.au/patrons.

Research Connections Newsletter #7

July 1st, 2014

Please find attached the latest edition of Research Connections.

Please click on this link to download Research Connections #7 [843kb]

CFP: Annals of Leisure Research – Sporting and Cultural Events: Contested Legacies

July 1st, 2014

CALL FOR PAPERS

ANNALS OF LEISURE RESEARCH

 

Sporting and Cultural Events: Contested Legacies

 

Whereas the language of legacy has dominated sport and cultural event narratives over the last two decades, in recent years there has been a greater recognition that the outcomes of these events do not happen automatically but instead need to be planned, resourced, and led by a range of partners and funders (Misener & Mason, 2010; Foley, et al, 2011; Gratton & Preuss, 2008). In academic and policy communities there is debate over the most useful strategies and tactics used to ensure that the beneficiaries of these events are considered in advance, during delivery and in the period beyond (Chalip, 2006; HM Government, 2013).

 

On one level, sporting and cultural events have been credited with the potential to change perceptions of cities and nations and act as a catalyst for change. Yet, on another, there is contestation over the value of these events and their impact on the people and places affected by their delivery.

 

This Special Issue invites papers from those presenting at the 2014 Leisure Studies Association Annual Conference, Sport, Festivity and Digital Cultures – hosted at the University of the West of Scotland (UWS) – but also the wider interdisciplinary academic community studying the event phenomenon in the following areas, amongst others:

 

· _Urban space and zoning

· _Digital and social media

· _Spectatorship, fandom and audiences

· _Citizen-consumer identities

· _Tourism legacies

· _Sport and cultural participation outcomes · _Policy and planning legacies · _Volunteer legacies · _Parasport legacies · _Events and protest/resistance

Important dates for authors:

Submission of abstracts:

 

Please send proposed paper title and an abstract of no more than 500 words to guest editors Professor David McGillivray (David.McGillivray@uws.ac.uk), Professor Gayle McPherson (Gayle.McPherson@uws.ac.uk) and Dr Sandro Carnicelli, Sandro.Carnicelli@uws.ac.uk from University of the West of Scotland, no later than Monday 15th August 2014. We will advise the outcome by the 1st of September 2014.

Submission of full paper:

30th November 2014 (further details to be advised upon confirmation of abstract acceptance)

 

Publication: November 2015

 

References

Chalip, L. (2006). Towards social leverage of sport events. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 11, 109-127.

Foley, M., McGillivray, D. & McPherson, G. (2011). Event policy: From theory to strategy. London, UK. Routledge Gratton, C., & Preuss, H. (2008). Maximizing Olympic impacts by building up legacies.International Journal of the History of Sport, 25(14), 1922-1938.

London, UK: Routledge.

HM Government (2013) Inspired by 2012: The legacy from the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games A joint UK and Major of London Report Cabinet Office Misener, L. & Mason, D.S. (2010). Moving beyond economic impact: Sporting events as a community development tool. Journal of Management and Organization, 16(4), 495-514.

Professor Gayle McPherson, BA (Hons), PhD, FHEA, FRSA Chair in Events and Cultural Policy University of West of Scotland Room A222 Paisley Campus PAISLEY

 

Tel: 0141 848 3233

email: gayle.mcpherson@uws.ac.uk

W: http://twitter.com/gmp01

W: http://gmp01.wordpress.com

W: http://uwscreative.wordpress.com

W: http://www.creativefutur.eu/

Book: Research Methods in Sport Studies and Sport Management: A Practical Guide

May 22nd, 2014

A new book has been published entitled “Research Methods in Sport Studies and Sport Management: A Practical Guide”.  It is a 2014 book by A.J. Veal and Simon Darcy published by Routledge.

You can order your book at www.routledge.com/books/details/9780273736691 and you can receive a 20% discount by using DC361 as the code.

CFP: Annals of Leisure Research, Special Issue: THE DRESS ISSUE

April 10th, 2014

Call for Papers, Annals of Leisure Research, Special Issue: THE DRESS ISSUE

Guest Editor: Prof Alison L Goodrum, Department of Apparel, Manchester Metropolitan University, England
According to Entwistle (2000: 6) “all people dress the body in some way, be it through clothing, tattooing, cosmetics or other forms of body painting. To put it another way, no culture leaves the body unadorned but adds to, embellishes, enhances or decorates the body”. In this scholarly definition, even Nudists and Naturists, although eschewing material items of clothing, are dressed, be this in the form of, say, a splash of perfume, a slick of moisturiser, a necklace or a goatee beard. This Special Issue takes this expansive definition of dress and explores its application to, and significance within, Leisure Studies.

The links between dress and leisure are multiple, longstanding, and range across time and space. In the 1920s, for example, French couturière, Coco Chanel, gave utilitarian jersey fabric a high fashion ‘spin’, endorsing its easy-to-wear qualities as a motif for modern living. And, today, stretchiness and comfort remain as important material properties in both active- and leisurewear. While certain leisure pursuits call for ‘dressing down’ and the wearing of decidedly non-specialist dress, other leisure activities demand modes of dress that are strictly policed and/or technically sophisticated. On a cultural note, sports-based communities such as ‘Bikers’, ‘Skaters’ and ‘Surfies’ identify themselves tribally through esoteric sartorial markers (favouring a particular brand of clothing, for example).

The current resurgence of handcrafting, knitting and home dressmaking as a cross-generational, fashionable, and often gender-distinctive, pastime, presents yet a further link between leisure and dress: one that relates to making-as-hobby. The vernacular in dress is pertinent, too, to sporting spectatorship. For example, fans may use make-shift props, face-paints and fancy dress costuming to display support for individual players or teams. More generally, sports fans comprise an eager and profitable cohort of consumers keen to purchase goods relating to their interests such as replica kits and commemorative garments and merchandise.

Shopping for fashionable dress and accessories is itself, for some, an all-consuming pastime or passion. The practice of shopping has altered radically over the past decade with internet and TV shopping offering alternative routes to market and, with them, shifts in the consumer experience. Other alternative sites and spaces for the consumption of dress include the car boot sale, thrift store, flea market and swap shop. These informal, often festive or festival-like spaces, move the consumption of dress from formalised retail industry into the realm of entertainment.

The Special Issue seeks, then, to capture, and to map, the diversity and dynamism of the many links between dress and leisure. The discipline of Leisure Studies has engaged with these links but has tended to do so in a haphazard way, touching on dress as an adjunct to, or spin-off from, larger projects. The proposed Issue will marshal together original research papers on dress and leisure, an underexplored, and perhaps under-considered, area in Leisure Studies. The outcome will be a publication that repositions dress as a central, and significant, subject in, and for, leisure, whilst simultaneously promoting leisure as a rich topic, too, for scholars from such disciplines as fashion theory and dress history. We welcome paper submissions that address any of the following (and related) topics on dress and aspects of leisure (as well as relevant others):

  • Style tribes and leisure/sporting subcultures and fandom
  • Performance-, active-wear and technical design in/for leisure and sport
  • Histories of leisure and dress
  • Spaces and sites of/for leisure and the performance of dress
  • Buying, shopping and consumption of dress as leisure, pleasure and/or anxiety
  • Leisure, sport and the dressed and/or undressed body
  • Collecting dress, shoes, accessories and bodily adornment/s
  • Craft, making and the (domestic) production of dress as a leisure pursuit
  • Leisure, dress and non-conformity/subversion

Important Dates for Authors:

Submission of Abstracts: Please send proposed paper title and an abstract of no more than 250 words to the guest editor, Alison Goodrum (a.goodrum@mmu.ac.uk) no later than 21st July 2014. We will advise the outcome no later than 4th August 2014.

Submission of Full Paper: 2nd March 2015 (further details to be advised upon confirmation of abstract acceptance).

Publication: First issue of 2016 (approximately January)

CFP: Advancing Event Research Seminar Series June-July 2014, Perth and Melbourne, Australia

March 27th, 2014

The theme of the Perth research seminars at the Curtin Business School is Event, Festivals and Communities.  The theme of the Melbourne research seminars at Victoria University is Events in Society.  Please click on this link - Advancing Event Research Seminar Series – Call for papers final - to download the details of these seminar events.

Last call for papers for World Leisure Congress 2014

March 4th, 2014

There is still time to submit an abstract for the World Leisure Congress that will be held in Mobile Bay Alabama USA from 7 to 12 September 2014.  Abstract proposals are due by the end of March.  More details are available via www.worldleisure2014.org/Call-for-Papers-World-Leisure-2014.html

 

Thomas and Ruth Rivers International Scholarship Award is intended to provide opportunities for senior or graduate students, who are studying recreation, leisure studies, leisure services, leisure resources or tourism studies in college or university programs, to attend and present a scholarly paper at the biennial international World Leisure Congress.  Please share this information with your research students! The Scholarship Award provides the scholarship recipient(s) the opportunity to attend and participate in an international congress.  The recipient(s) are provided a world-wide forum for the presentation of a scholarly paper.  The scholarship includes: (1) Congress registration fee; (2) accommodation during Congress; and (3) transportation by air from a suitably located departure point.

 

More details are available from www.worldleisure.org/userfiles/file/TRRISA%20Application%202014.pdf A number of esteemed ANZALS members have received this award in the past.

 

Please contact John Tower (john.tower@vu.edu.au) if you have any questions about World Leisure Organisation activities, or check the WLO website – www.worldleisure.org

CEAD 2014: Sensual Landscapes of Ethnography

January 26th, 2014

The third international Contemporary Ethnography Across the Disciplines conference will take place in New Zealand from 25 – 28 November 2014. Read the rest of this entry »

CFP: Annals of Leisure Research 2015 Special Issue: Children, Families and Leisure

November 15th, 2013

Children and families form the closest and most important emotional bond in humans. This relationship is what drives humanity and society, and positions families at the centre of leisure activities. Read the rest of this entry »

Latest issue of Annals available online

November 8th, 2013

Annals of Leisure Research (volume 16, issue 3) is now available online. This is a special issue entitled ‘Cultural Life’, Disability, Inclusion and Citizenship: Moving Beyond Leisure in Isolation and guest edited by Jerome Singleton and Simon Darcy. Access to the journal for ANZALS members is via a secure link in the members section of the website.

2nd CFP: “Challenges and Experiences of Outdoor Education in Latin America”

November 7th, 2013

The guest editors invite interested researchers to contribute theoretical and/or empirical papers related to the theme of this special issue “Challenges and Experiences of Outdoor Education in Latin America” of the Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning (JAEOL). Read the rest of this entry »

CFP: Leisure Studies Special Issue – Mobile Lives: Migration, Migrants and Meaningful Leisure

October 9th, 2013

Migrants are frequently perceived through the conceptual lens of their mobility and work-related activities. In this special issue we want to draw attention to another important dimension of migrants’ lives: their leisure activities. For more information click here.

CFP: Aerial activities

September 17th, 2013

Abstracts are now being accepted for the European scientific conference “The Quest for the Sky : Human techniques, creativity, organization and territoriality in aerial activities”, to be held 18th to the 20th of September 2014, Saint Hilaire du Touvet, France. For more information click here.

2014 World Leisure Congress Call for Abstracts

September 17th, 2013

September 13, 2013 – The World Leisure Organization has sent a call for abstracts for the 2014 World Leisure Congress to be held Sept. 6-12, 2014 in Mobile Bay, Alabama, USA. Read the rest of this entry »

International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas

June 25th, 2013

The 7 th International Conference on Monitoring and Management of Visitors in Recreational and Protected Areas, Tallinn, Estonia, August 20-23, 2014. Read the rest of this entry »

CFP: Canadian Congress on Leisure Research 14th conference

June 20th, 2013

We are looking forward to hosting you at the CCLR14 conference in Halifax, NS, Canada from May 21 to 24 2014. Read the rest of this entry »

Vancouver Island University’s Visiting Scholar Programme

February 15th, 2013

Vancouver Island University’s World Leisure Centre for Excellence welcomes applications for their Visiting Scholar programme. For more information click here: Visiting Scholar Application 2013 -2014.

Island University’s World Leisure Centre for Excellence were hoping that you would post our Visiting Scholar Application

Annals of Leisure Research: Back issues

February 14th, 2013

We would like to advise that all back issues of the Annals of Leisure Research (starting with Volume 1, Issue 1 in 1998) have now been uploaded into electronic format by Taylor and Francis (see http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/ranz20). Please check with your university to see whether they have updated their catalogue.

ANZALS / CAUTHE memorandum of understanding – renewed for 2 years

January 23rd, 2013

The ANZALS Board and the CAUTHE Executive committee are very happy to renew the MOU between the two organisations for the next two years. Read the rest of this entry »